CENTRAL ANATOLIA: TURKEY'S "granary"
Central Anatolia Region, which has hosted countless civilizations, has always been an important agricultural center throughout history. The region, including Turkey today "granary" of the so-called, pointing to its historic role in this.
Since the Central Anatolia Region is surrounded by high mountains, the humid temperate air of the seas cannot enter the region. For this reason, a continental climate prevails in the region with hot and dry summers, cold and snowy winters. Towards the east, continentality increases due to the increase in altitude and winter temperatures reach very low values. Central Anatolia Region is also the region with the least rainfall (400 mm on average) in our country. Rainfall usually falls in the form of showers in the spring months. The early onset of drought in summer has a particularly negative impact on vegetable agriculture. The natural vegetation of the region is steppe; Forests have a very low rate of 7%.
THE MOST IMPORTANT PRODUCT: WHEAT!
Cereals are among the products grown in the Central Anatolia Region, and wheat and barley are the leading ones. Both plants, which have an important place in human nutrition and animal husbandry in our country, contribute significantly to the economy. Turkey carried 19 million tons of wheat production of about 8 million hectares worldwide. The cultivation area of wheat in Central Anatolia is around 3 million hectares. The provinces of Konya, Ankara, Sivas, Yozgat and Çorum cover 25% of the country's wheat cultivation area, while Konya only covers approximately 10%.
Although the Central Anatolia Region has a suitable climate for both bread and durum wheat production, production is generally carried out in the form of dry farming due to the very limited irrigation possibilities. In addition to the low rainfall in the region, the irregular distribution of the months also negatively affects the wheat production.
On the other hand, the fact that there are many public and private sector organizations producing certified seeds in the region creates an advantage for wheat growers to obtain higher yields. In addition, the presence of three large institutions dealing with wheat breeding and cultivation, such as the Field Crops Central Research Institute in Ankara, the Bahri Dağdaş International Agricultural Research Institute in Konya, and the Anatolian Agricultural Research Institute in Eskişehir, and three advanced agricultural faculties, positively contributed to the development of agriculture in the region. doing.
Source: Toros Tarım